Linguistics -Saturday, September 13, 2014
Summarizing the work of many field specialists, including Brent Berlin and Eleanor Rosch, George Lakoff established the direct connection of ideal conceptions and metaphors to the structure of everyday words. He showed that meaning for words such as blue, chair, over and above are derived from idealized conceptions and metaphors. Over is derived from a metaphor of a surface with a cylinder rising from an object. He showed that words such as love are based on metaphors of a journey. The institution of language is an as- semblage of specifically perceived and widely, but not overtly, recognized concepts and metaphors.